Wood science is the study of wood as a material that is renewable and of biological origin. The processes and the tools used to utilize the material is what is known as wood technology. Wood is treated as a material in direct comparison with other products. Materials properties, ease of it being worked on and its value are among the few properties which are compared against those of wood and other materials. Wood has many advantages and this technology takes the advantages and utilizes them. The wide range of products where wood can be used is just one of the many advantages that give wood an upper hand over other products. It is also based on renewable resources. The other merit is that a part of the harvested material is at the same time used as energy to produce the product.
The good appearance of your timber made structure cannot be guaranteed if protection of the timber is not done. Wooden structures have to be kept away from water and pests that eat through the wood. The rotting and decay of the timber products are caused by the moisture and the insects. Many methods are available in the treatment of wood one of the most common being the ACQ – alkaline copper Quaternary. The protection of from this chemical is based on copper. There are a few disadvantages of this method as a mode of wood preservation. The chemical is highly corrosive to most metals, the chemical corrodes away galvanized fasteners and therefore only stainless steel is used. The species of the wood and the application of the wood will determine how many chemicals will be used on the wood. The concentration level of the chemical will be different for two pieces of wood where one is used above ground and the other close to a water body.
Another wood treating method that is fast being accepted is the use of copper metal. The use of this method is fast being accepted because it is not corroding the metal fasteners. This process is what in other words called the micronized copper wood preservative. In this process microscopic particles of solid copper metal are mixed in a liquid carrier and injected to the wood at high pressure. The difference between this method and the other copper-based methods is that the copper is used as a metal rather than a dissolved material. The characteristics of the wood are highly improved and the when this process is used to treat wood. The wood products protected using this method last longer.
Termites and fungal decay are just a few among the many problems wood treated from this method are protected against. It is not corrosive to metals used in together with the product. The wood treated using this method last longer and is stronger.